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first conditional

First conditional


The first conditional is used to talk about the future. We use it to describe situations that may really happen: If I see Michaela, I'll tell her to call you. (It is possible you will see Michaela.) If it rains, we'll have to eat indoors. (It is possible that it ...Read more


The following ESL resources are available for First conditional:

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Conditionals dominoes I
Dominoes matching activity for first, second and third conditionals.


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Conditionals - sentence assembly
Cut-up sentences: first, second, third and open conditionals.


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Conditionals dominoes II
More challenging conditionals dominoes matching activity for all conditionals (zero - third) + conditional structures without 'if'.


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Conditionals sentence assembly II
Cut-up sentences: first, second and open conditionals.


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Zero conditional vs first conditional
(1) Seven pairs of sentences. Ss have to differentiate between those that are generally true and those that refer to a probable sitution in the future. (2) Personalization. Five questions with prompts that produce first or zero conditional answers. (Some HK references)


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Pairwork - first vs second conditionals
Sentence completion - 6 examples per student - first and second conditionals. Students then make questions, "What will / would you do if... and ask their partners.


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Conditional dominoes 2
Similar to Conditional dominoes 1 (the first and second conditional examples are the same) but with zero conditional substituted for third.



General English course books (adults)

Inside Out Student's Book Intermediate book cover 

Inside Out Student's Book Intermediate 

Susan Kay   Vaughan Jones   
Unit 13 Communication  Pages 110 - 111

New Cutting Edge Pre-Intermediate students' book book cover 

New Cutting Edge Pre-Intermediate students' book 

Sarah Cunningham   Peter Moore   
Module 9 Old and new  Pages 83 - 84
Focus on present tense after 'if', 'when' and 'before' rather than on more standard 'first conditional'. Listening and gap fill on building redevopment alternatives.
Module 15 Imagine...  Pages 134 - 135
Contrast of conditionals with will for real situations with would for unreal / imaginary situations

Photocopiable resource books

Intermediate Communication Games book cover 

Intermediate Communication Games 

Jill Hadfield   
21 - Promises, promises  Page 21 
'Will' for promises. (+ First conditional) Role Play(family). Ss have to extract a promise out of other family members in exchange for making a promise themselves.

Grammar books with exercises

Developing Grammar in Context book cover 

Developing Grammar in Context 

Mark Nettle   Diana Hopkins   
24 First, second and zero conditionals  Pages 139 - 144

General English adult course resource packs

Reward Pre-Intermediate Resource Pack  book cover 

Reward Pre-Intermediate Resource Pack  

Sue Kay   
37a - 37b What will happen if...? game board + cards  Page 37 
Board and dice game in which students have to complete first conditional sentences

ESL lesson plans

How Donald Trump Got Rich: A Tale of Three Trumps

US Election ESL worksheet 1 Donald Trump ESL worksheet 2 Donald Trump worksheet 3 Donald Trump ESL worksheet 4 Donald Trump ESL worksheet 5 Donald Trump ESL worksheet 6
B1 / B2 Complete lesson Skills: split reading; discussion; role play Vocabulary: business and economics

Download A Tale of Three Trumps for B1/B2 (PDF)
C1 Complete lesson Skills: split reading; discussion; Grammar: participle clauses

Download A Tale of Three Trumps for C1 (PDF)

US Election Special 2016

US Election ESL worksheet 1 US Election ESL worksheet 2 US Election ESL worksheet 3 US Election ESL worksheet 4
B2/C1 Complete lesson Vocabulary: politics, elections; skills: discussing elections and issues.

Download Politics and the US Election (PDF)

Wear high heels or go home: gender discrimination at work

Gender descrimination ESL worksheet 1 Gender descrimination ESL worksheet 2 Gender descrimination ESL worksheet 3
B2/C1 Complete lesson Vocabulary work clothes; skills: gender discrimination; grammar: reported speech.

Download Workplace gender discrimination (PDF)

English grammar notes

Comparison with as...as

Comprehensive grammar reference notes, illustrated.
Grammar notes on comparison with as..as 1 Grammar notes on comparison with as..as 2 Grammar notes on comparison with as..as 3
Download English grammar notes: comparison with as...as (PDF)