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auxiliary verbs

Auxiliary verbs - so / neither


Grammatical form

so + auxiliary + subject

'I'm going to Debbie's party.'
'So am I.'

neither (or nor) + auxiliary + subject

'I don't want to go to the cinema.'
'Neither (Nor) do I.'


General usage

We can use so / neither / nor + auxiliary to show that people have something in common (i.e. something is the same about them).
This can be in the form of a short answer:

'I feel tired.'
'So do I.'

Or in a statement comparing people:

Tim wants to go and so does Janet.


Nor or neither?

There is no difference in meaning.

Pronunciation of 'neither'

The first syllable in the word neither 'nei-' can be pronounced in two ways:

nei- rhymes with eye. This is more common in British English.
nei-rhymes with see. This is more common in American English.

When you do not have something in common

We can reply So / Neither / Nor + auxiliary +I when we have something in common with someone:

'I like this cheesecake.'
'So do I.'

Sometimes we want to make it clear that we are different:

'I thought the film was quite boring.'
'Oh, I didn't. I really liked it.'

In this case, the second speaker has given a short answer with an auxiliary I didn't and a short explanation.

I don't like this music.'
'Really? I do. I've always been into heavy metal.'

ESL quizzes for Auxiliary verbs - so / neither
so / neither / nor quiz
Ten-question MC quiz.


Comparison with as...as...

Comparison with <i>as</i>...</i>as...</as>: picture
Detailed grammar reference notes on comparison with as....
Three pages, illustrated. Includes positive and negative forms, modifiers and common similes.
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Download Comparison with as...as - grammar notes (PDF)