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auxiliary verbs

Auxiliary verbs - so / neither


Grammatical form

so + auxiliary + subject

'I'm going to Debbie's party.'
'So am I.'

neither (or nor) + auxiliary + subject

'I don't want to go to the cinema.'
'Neither (Nor) do I.'


General usage

We can use so / neither / nor + auxiliary to show that people have something in common (i.e. something is the same about them).
This can be in the form of a short answer:

'I feel tired.'
'So do I.'

Or in a statement comparing people:

Tim wants to go and so does Janet.


Nor or neither?

There is no difference in meaning.

Pronunciation of 'neither'

The first syllable in the word neither 'nei-' can be pronounced in two ways:

nei- rhymes with eye. This is more common in British English.
nei-rhymes with see. This is more common in American English.

When you do not have something in common

We can reply So / Neither / Nor + auxiliary +I when we have something in common with someone:

'I like this cheesecake.'
'So do I.'

Sometimes we want to make it clear that we are different:

'I thought the film was quite boring.'
'Oh, I didn't. I really liked it.'

In this case, the second speaker has given a short answer with an auxiliary I didn't and a short explanation.

I don't like this music.'
'Really? I do. I've always been into heavy metal.'

ESL quizzes for Auxiliary verbs - so / neither
so / neither / nor quiz
Ten-question MC quiz.

ESL lesson plans

How Donald Trump got rich: a tale of three Trumps

US Election ESL worksheet 1 Donald Trump ESL worksheet 2 Donald Trump worksheet 3 Donald Trump ESL worksheet 4 Donald Trump ESL worksheet 5 Donald Trump ESL worksheet 6
B1 / B2 Complete lesson Skills: split reading; discussion; role play Vocabulary: business and economics

Download A Tale of Three Trumps for B1/B2 (PDF)
C1 Complete lesson Skills: split reading; discussion; Grammar: participle clauses

Download A Tale of Three Trumps for C1 (PDF)

US Election Special 2016

US Election ESL worksheet 1 US Election ESL worksheet 2 US Election ESL worksheet 3 US Election ESL worksheet 4
B2/C1 Complete lesson Vocabulary: politics, elections; skills: discussing elections and issues.

Download Politics and the US Election (PDF)

Wear high heels or go home: gender discrimination at work

Gender descrimination ESL worksheet 1 Gender descrimination ESL worksheet 2 Gender descrimination ESL worksheet 3
B2/C1 Complete lesson Vocabulary work clothes; skills: gender discrimination; grammar: reported speech.

Download Workplace gender discrimination (PDF)

English grammar notes

Comparison with as...as

Comprehensive grammar reference notes, illustrated.
Grammar notes on comparison with as..as 1 Grammar notes on comparison with as..as 2 Grammar notes on comparison with as..as 3
Download English grammar notes: comparison with as...as (PDF)