so + auxiliary + subject
neither (or nor) + auxiliary + subject
|Speaker 1 (S1)|
Speaker 2 (S2)
S1: I'm going to Debbie's party.
S2: So am I.
S1: I don't want to go to the cinema.
S2: Neither (or Nor) do I.
We can use so / neither / nor + auxiliary to show that people have something in common (i.e something is the same about them)
This can be in the form of a short answer:
S1: I feel tired.
S2: So do I.
Or in a statement comparing people.
Tim wants to go and so do Simon and Janet.
Nor or neither?|
It doesn't make any difference. They're the same.
Pronunciation of 'neither'|
The first syllable 'nei' can be pronounced in two ways:
'nei' - rhymes with 'eye' This is more common in British English
'nei' - rhymes with 'see' This is more common in American English
How to respond when you do not have something in common|
We only say 'So / Neither / Nor + aux + I' when we have something in common with the first speaker:
S1: I like this cheesecake.
S2: So do I!
However, sometimes we want to make it clear that we are different.
S1: I've never seen a shark before.
S2: Oh, I have. We saw some in the zoo last year.
In this case, S2 has given a short answer with an auxiliary ('I have') and a short explanation.
S1: I don't like this music.
S2: Really? I do. Michael Jackson's one of my favourites.