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linkers
 

Linkers

 

Linkers are words or phrases that we use to link (i.e. connect or join) ideas. It was raining. I stayed at home. In this example, we can see that the first idea, 'It was raining.' is the reason for the second idea, 'I stayed at home.' Or, 'I stayed at home' is a result of 'It was raining.' We can use linkers ...Read more

 

The following ESL resources are available for Linkers:

 
 
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Linkers (mixed) sentence assembly
Cut up grid. Ss make nine senetences. Tests linkers for contrast
 
 

 

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Linkers - sentence linking
Ss join pairs of sentences using coordinating conjunctions or adverbs
 
 

 

 
 
 
Linkers (mixed) matching 1
Match sentences or clauses joined by a linking word.
 
 

 

 
 
 
 

General English course books (adults)

New Cutting Edge Pre-Intermediate students' book book cover 

New Cutting Edge Pre-Intermediate students' book

Sarah Cunningham   Peter Moore   
 
Module 2 Important firsts  Page 22 
Short narrative text (the first time I went abroad) gapped for linking phrases for sequencing, contrast, addition, reason and result
 
 
New Inside Out Student's Book Upper Intermediate book cover 

New Inside Out Student's Book Upper Intermediate

Susan Kay   Vaughan Jones   
 
Unit 6 Eat  Page 61   Linkers in writing
 
 

Photocopiable resource books

Grammar Activities 2 - Upper Intermediate book cover 

Grammar Activities 2 - Upper Intermediate

Will Forsyth   Sue Lavender   
 
27 Linking words - conditions and contrast  Pages 27 - 29
(27) unless, as long as, in case, although - matching (28) although, in spite of, despite, becuase, however, due to, therefore - picture captions and matching (29) although, in spite of, despite, becuase, however, due to, therefore - matching, transformations
 
 
Grammar Games and Activities 1 book cover 

Grammar Games and Activities 1

Peter Watcyn-Jones   
 
26 - Conjunctions bingo  Pages 79 - 80
Linking words and phrases for time, contrast, condition, reason. T reads out linking words / phrases; Ss fill gaps.
 
 

Grammar

Comparison with as...as...

Comparison with <i>as</i>...</i>as...</as>: picture
 
Detailed grammar reference notes on comparison with as....
Three pages, illustrated. Includes positive and negative forms, modifiers and common similes.
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Download Comparison with as...as - grammar notes (PDF)
 
 

ESL lesson plans

Reading and vocabulary: workplace discrimination

Reading and vocabulary: workplace discrimination: picture
 
Work clothing vocabulary.
News story in graded English about woman who was sent home for refusing to wear high-heeled shoes.
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Download Dress code (PDF)
 
 

ESL lesson plans

Reading and vocabulary: How Donald Trump got rich: a tale of three Trumps

Reading and vocabulary: How Donald Trump got rich: a tale of three Trumps: picture
 
Three articles in graded English with lead-in and comprehension tasks.
Jigsaw reading for groups of three.
Grammar follow-up on participle clauses (PDF advanced version)
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Download Intermediate (PDF)
 
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Download Advanced (PDF)