ESL teaching and learning resources

functions >


See also:
functions: ability
functions: permission / prohibition
functions: deductions / guesses

Worksheets for obligation
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Obligation and necessity (186)
Cue sheet for Ss talking about rules and regulations in their workplace


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Obligation and necessity II (187)
Gap filled sentences on workplace rules and regulations using should, have to, don't have to, supposed to, are (not) allowed to, can, can't


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Obligation 1 (302)
Matching various situations to rules and appropriate phrases for obligation and permission


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Writing rules (601)
Students write a set of six rules for one of eight places. Post on classroom wall. Others have to guess the place.


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Obligation and permission questions matching (605)
Students match beginnings and ends of sentences (questions) relating to obligation and permission and then ask each other the questions.


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Jobs - obligation and permission (606)
Students complete job cards by writing sentences using have to / don't have to / can and can't for a number of jobs. They then read these out to another group who have to guess the job. (18 cards)



Quizzes for obligationPage top ↑
Obligation and necessity quiz - 01 (255)
Mulitple-choice quiz. Present time.


Obligation and necessity quiz 02 (285)
Ten-question mulitple choice quiz: have to / don't have to / must / mustn't/ is allowed to / can


Obligation, necessity and permission quiz 3 (1204)
Sixteen-question MC quiz, past and present: must / mustn't, have to / don't have to, can, be allowed to + pasts of these


Obligation quiz - school trip (1364)
Ten-question MC quiz based on school rules and advice for a trip to a wildlife park,


Book references for obligationPage top ↑

General English course books (adults)

Inside Out Student's Book Intermediate book cover Inside Out Student's Book Intermediate 
Susan Kay   Vaughan Jones   
Unit 10 Time  Pages 88 - 89
obligation, prohibition and permission must, should, have got to, don't have to, is supposed to, is allowed to T.39 - Three people talk about rules in their workplaces
Unit 16 Review 2  Page 137 
Quiz: rules, taboos etc around the world

New Cutting Edge Pre-Intermediate students' book book cover New Cutting Edge Pre-Intermediate students' book 
Sarah Cunningham   Peter Moore   
Module 3 At rest, at work  Page 27 
can can't have to don't have to

Photocopiable resource books

Elementary Grammar Games book cover Elementary Grammar Games 
Jill Hadfield   
33 - must, mustn't and needn't  Page 33 
Ss match half-sentences.

Grammar Activities 2 - Upper Intermediate book cover Grammar Activities 2 - Upper Intermediate 
Will Forsyth   Sue Lavender   
34 Modal verbs - oblitation / ability  Page 34 
Gapped dialogue - obligation and ability

Intermediate Communication Games book cover Intermediate Communication Games 
Jill Hadfield   
39 - Married life or Getting out of doing the washing-up  Page 39 
Ss make excuses for not doing household chores by saying, 'I've got to (have to) ...'

Play Games with English Book 2 (1981-8) book cover Play Games with English Book 2 (1981-8) 
Colin Granger   John Plumb   
Signs page 8  Page 8 
Twelve signs to match with the place they might be found. Can be used to practice obligation. i.e. expand in to long oral form etc.
G B Holiday Quiz page 14  Page 14 
Obligation (have to / will have to) + ability. True / false quiz about travelling in the UK.
Sports quiz page 23  Page 23 
Match rules with sports.

General English adult course resource packs

Reward Intermediate Resource Pack book cover Reward Intermediate Resource Pack 
Susan Kay   
19a and 19b On safari  Page 19 
Board game about a safari park. Cards with rules.
Progress check 16 - 20 Exchanging contracts  Pages 16 - 20
Ss read rules for students and produce a list of rules for teachers

Reward Pre-Intermediate Resource Pack  book cover Reward Pre-Intermediate Resource Pack  
Sue Kay   
26 My ideal world  Page 26 
Students complete statements about their ideal world beginning (person) must... e.g. 'A good friend must...' Then compare with others

Reward Upper-intermediate Resource Pack book cover Reward Upper-intermediate Resource Pack 
Susan Kay   
10a & b Alphabet game  Page 10 
Ss must take a card and say a word according to the instructions on the card.
9 - 12a When we were ten  Pages 9 - 12
Find out how many people... (had to wear school uniform etc.)

Graded Reading and Listening