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modal auxiliary verbs >
should have (done)

Should have (done)

See also:
hypothetical situations

The following ESL resources are available for Should have (done):

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You be the judge
Six crime cases. Student's take it in turns to read out their case. The group must decide on sentences for each case in turn. Can also be used to practice criticism, should have etc.


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It serves you right
Ss take it in turn to read situations. Others respond with a third conditional sentence - 'If you hadn't.... or criticism - should have etc.


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Third conditional story
Cut up story. Reassemble and make sentences expressing regret and past conditionals


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Should have - needn't have - didn't need to
Language analysis and practice sheet comparing should / shouldn't have, needn't have and didn't need to.



Photocopiable resource books

Intermediate Communication Games book cover 

Intermediate Communication Games 

Jill Hadfield   
15 - Told you so!  Page 15 
should /ought Giving advice using rold cards should have One year later follow-up
Play Games with English Book 2 (1981-8) book cover 

Play Games with English Book 2 (1981-8) 

Colin Granger   John Plumb   
Observation 3 page 39  Page 39 
Picture of sloppy soldier just before inspection. Ss make sentences. 'He should have cleaned his boots etc.'

General English adult course resource packs

Reward Intermediate Resource Pack book cover 

Reward Intermediate Resource Pack 

Susan Kay   
37 What went wrong?  Page 37 
Mill drill or pairwork. 10 situations - Ss respond with You should have...
Progress check 36 - 40 Thought bubbles  Pages 36 - 40
Ss complete thought bubbles using, 'I wish,' 'if only,' 'I should have...' etc.
Reward Upper-intermediate Resource Pack book cover 

Reward Upper-intermediate Resource Pack 

Susan Kay   
10c What's your verdict?  Page 10 
Ss read court cases and give their verdicts.

ESL lesson plans

Politics and the US Election

Complete lesson Vocabulary: politics, elections; skills: political issues.
US Election ESL worksheet 1 US Election ESL worksheet 2 US Election ESL worksheet 3 US Election ESL worksheet 4
Download Politics and the US Election (PDF)

Gender discrimination at work

Complete lesson Vocabulary: work clothes; skills: gender discrimination; grammar: reported speech.
Gender descrimination ESL worksheet 1 Gender descrimination ESL worksheet 2 Gender descrimination ESL worksheet 3
Download Workplace gender discrimination (PDF)

English grammar notes

Comparison with as...as

Comprehensive grammar reference notes, illustrated.
Grammar notes on comparison with as..as 1 Grammar notes on comparison with as..as 2 Grammar notes on comparison with as..as 3
Download English grammar notes: comparison with as...as (PDF)