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modal auxiliary verbs >
should have (done)

Should have (done)

See also:
hypothetical situations

The following ESL resources are available for Should have (done):

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It serves you right
Ss take it in turn to read situations. Others respond with a third conditional sentence - 'If you hadn't.... or criticism - should have etc.


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Should have - needn't have - didn't need to
Language analysis and practice sheet comparing should / shouldn't have, needn't have and didn't need to.


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Third conditional story
Cut up story. Reassemble and make sentences expressing regret and past conditionals


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You be the judge
Six crime cases. Student's take it in turns to read out their case. The group must decide on sentences for each case in turn. Can also be used to practice criticism, should have etc.



Photocopiable resource books

Intermediate Communication Games book cover 

Intermediate Communication Games

Jill Hadfield   
15 - Told you so!  Page 15 
should /ought Giving advice using rold cards should have One year later follow-up
Play Games with English Book 2 (1981-8) book cover 

Play Games with English Book 2 (1981-8)

Colin Granger   John Plumb   
Observation 3 page 39  Page 39 
Picture of sloppy soldier just before inspection. Ss make sentences. 'He should have cleaned his boots etc.'

General English adult course resource packs

Reward Intermediate Resource Pack book cover 

Reward Intermediate Resource Pack

Susan Kay   
37 What went wrong?  Page 37 
Mill drill or pairwork. 10 situations - Ss respond with You should have...
Progress check 36 - 40 Thought bubbles  Pages 36 - 40
Ss complete thought bubbles using, 'I wish,' 'if only,' 'I should have...' etc.
Reward Upper-intermediate Resource Pack book cover 

Reward Upper-intermediate Resource Pack

Susan Kay   
10c What's your verdict?  Page 10 
Ss read court cases and give their verdicts.


Comparison with as...as...

Comparison with <i>as</i>...</i>as...</as>: picture
Detailed grammar reference notes on comparison with as....
Three pages, illustrated. Includes positive and negative forms, modifiers and common similes.
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Download Comparison with as...as - grammar notes (PDF)

ESL lesson plans

Reading and vocabulary: workplace discrimination

Reading and vocabulary: workplace discrimination: picture
Work clothing vocabulary.
News story in graded English about woman who was sent home for refusing to wear high-heeled shoes.
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Download Dress code (PDF)

ESL lesson plans

Reading and vocabulary: How Donald Trump got rich: a tale of three Trumps

Reading and vocabulary: How Donald Trump got rich: a tale of three Trumps: picture
Three articles in graded English with lead-in and comprehension tasks.
Jigsaw reading for groups of three.
Grammar follow-up on participle clauses (PDF advanced version)
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Download Intermediate (PDF)
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Download Advanced (PDF)