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grammar >
modal auxiliary verbs
 

modal auxiliary verbs

See also:
functions: advice / suggestions
functions: request
functions: permission / prohibition
functions: ability
functions: obligation
functions: deductions / guesses
functions: predictions
 

 

modal auxiliary verbs - general



Worksheets for modal auxiliary verbs - general
 
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Introduction to modals (828)
Language analysis worksheet introducing the modals and some of the functions they express. Students match modals to functions.
 
 

 

 

Quizzes for modal auxiliary verbs - generalPage top ↑
 
Multiple-choice modal auxiliary verbs quiz (38)
Ten-question, two-choice modals quiz (easy)
 
 

 

Modal auxiliary verbs - functions (172)
20-question multiple-choice quiz where students identify functions from examples
 
 

 

Degrees of certainty (221)
Multiple-choice quiz on modals for expressing degrees of certainty
 
 

 

Mixed modals quiz (274)
10 question multiple-choice quiz. Modals for possibility, obligation, ability - examples relating to the past, present and future.
 
 

 



Book references for modal auxiliary verbs - generalPage top ↑
 

General English course books (adults)


New Cutting Edge Upper Intermediate students' book book cover New Cutting Edge Upper Intermediate students' book 
Peter Moore   Sarah Cunningham   
Module 9 Mysteries, problems, oddities  Pages 96 - 4
Modals for ability and probability/possibility (deduction). Unit theme : mysteries.
 

Photocopiable resource books


Grammar Activities 2 - Upper Intermediate book cover Grammar Activities 2 - Upper Intermediate 
Will Forsyth   Sue Lavender   
38 Modal verbs - could / might / would / should / have done  Page 38 
could / could have; might / might have; should /should have
37 Modal verbs - would / should / could / have done  Page 37 
Gapped setences with pictures.
36 Modal verbs - possibility / probability  Page 36 
would, should and could have
32 - 33 Modal verbs - would / should / could / might  Pages 32 - 33
Would, could, should and might. Various functions.
 

General English adult course resource packs


Reward Pre-Intermediate Resource Pack  book cover Reward Pre-Intermediate Resource Pack  
Sue Kay   
26 My ideal world  Page 26 
Students complete statements about their ideal world beginning (person) must... e.g. 'A good friend must...' Then compare with others
36 This may be your life  Page 36 
May, might, will. won't Class survey to compare people's predictions about their futures.
 


 

should have (done)Page top ↑

See also:
functions: criticizing
grammar: hypothetical situations
 


Worksheets for should have (done)
 
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You be the judge (271)
Six crime cases. Student's take it in turns to read out their case. The group must decide on sentences for each case in turn. Can also be used to practice criticism, should have etc.
 
 

 

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It serves you right (119)
Ss take it in turn to read situations. Others respond with a third conditional sentence - 'If you hadn't.... or criticism - should have etc.
 
 

 

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Third conditional story (132)
Cut up story. Reassemble and make sentences expressing regret and past conditionals
 
 

 

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Should have - needn't have - didn't need to (593)
Language analysis and practice sheet comparing should / shouldn't have, needn't have and didn't need to.
 
 

 


 
Book references for should have (done)Page top ↑
 

Photocopiable resource books


Intermediate Communication Games book cover Intermediate Communication Games 
Jill Hadfield   
15 - Told you so!  Page 15 
should /ought Giving advice using rold cards should have One year later follow-up
 

Play Games with English Book 2 (1981-8) book cover Play Games with English Book 2 (1981-8) 
Colin Granger   John Plumb   
Observation 3 page 39  Page 39 
Picture of sloppy soldier just before inspection. Ss make sentences. 'He should have cleaned his boots etc.'
 

General English adult course resource packs


Reward Intermediate Resource Pack book cover Reward Intermediate Resource Pack 
Susan Kay   
37 What went wrong?  Page 37 
Mill drill or pairwork. 10 situations - Ss respond with You should have...
Progress check 36 - 40 Thought bubbles  Pages 36 - 40
Ss complete thought bubbles using, 'I wish,' 'if only,' 'I should have...' etc.
 

Reward Upper-intermediate Resource Pack book cover Reward Upper-intermediate Resource Pack 
Susan Kay   
10c What's your verdict?  Page 10 
Ss read court cases and give their verdicts.
 




 

shouldPage top ↑

 


Worksheets for should
 
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You be the judge (271)
Six crime cases. Student's take it in turns to read out their case. The group must decide on sentences for each case in turn. Can also be used to practice criticism, should have etc.
 
 

 


 
Book references for shouldPage top ↑
 

General English course books (adults)


New Cutting Edge Pre-Intermediate students' book book cover New Cutting Edge Pre-Intermediate students' book 
Sarah Cunningham   Peter Moore   
Module 3 At rest, at work  Page 26 
Should for advice. Picture for presentation, Short texts -> discussion of what the people in them should do
 

Photocopiable resource books


Intermediate Communication Games book cover Intermediate Communication Games 
Jill Hadfield   
15 - Told you so!  Page 15 
should /ought Giving advice using rold cards should have One year later follow-up
25 - Lifemap  Page 25 
Board game with dice and counters.
 

Play Games with English Book 2 (1981-8) book cover Play Games with English Book 2 (1981-8) 
Colin Granger   John Plumb   
Spot the difference 2 page 7  Page 7 
Two kitchen pics. Things in the wrong place. 'The towel should be behind the door etc.
 

General English adult course resource packs


Reward Pre-Intermediate Resource Pack  book cover Reward Pre-Intermediate Resource Pack  
Sue Kay   
29 What's the matter?  Page 29 
Health problems: cue cards with pictures. Students give negative / postive advice
Progress check 26 - 30 The game of chance  Pages 26 - 30
Odd board game
 




 

would - unreal situationsPage top ↑

See also:
grammar: hypothetical situations
 

 
Book references for would - unreal situationsPage top ↑
 

General English course books (adults)


Inside Out Student's Book Intermediate book cover Inside Out Student's Book Intermediate 
Susan Kay   Vaughan Jones   
Unit 11 Journey  Page 96 

 




 

modals of deductionPage top ↑

See also:
functions: deductions / guesses
 
worksheets (7)
book references (11)
quiz (2)
notes (1)
 
 
Notes
Notes - modals of deduction (1412)
Detailed notes with links to online activities.
 


Worksheets for modals of deduction
 
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Deductions dominoes (present time) (2060)
Set of 12 matching dominoes for possibility in the present: must, may, might, could
 
 

 

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Making deductions - letter (170)
Letter. Students read and make guesses about sender and recipient.
 
 

 

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Possibility in the past - speaking (171)
Cut up strips. Ss read out problems. Others in group respond with a 'must have' 'could have' etc explanation
 
 

 

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Possibility - dominoes grammar game - extended version (424)
Dominoes game revising modals for degrees of certainty in the past, present and future.
 
 

 

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Expressing degrees of certainty - reference sheet (426)
Cross table with simple rules for use of modals for certainty
 
 

 

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Future certainty (427)
Matching an analysis of possible modals for expressing degrees of certainty in the future
 
 

 

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Deductions dominoes (present and past) (610)
Dominoes game revising modals for degrees of certainty in the past and present.
 
 

 

 

Quizzes for modals of deductionPage top ↑
 
Modals of deduction quiz 1 (227)
Multiple-choice quiz.
 
 

 

Modals of deduction in the present (1102)
Fifteen-question MC quiz
 
 

 


 
Book references for modals of deductionPage top ↑
 

General English course books (adults)


Inside Out Student's Book Upper Intermediate book cover Inside Out Student's Book Upper Intermediate 
Vaughan Jones   Susan Kay   
Unit 14 Review 2  Page 132 
Unit 10 Genius  Pages 92 - 93
Modals of deduction in present and past: describing and nterpreting paintings.
 

Photocopiable resource books


Advanced Communication Games book cover Advanced Communication Games 
Jill Hadfield   
22 Elementary, my dear Watson  Page 22 
Students read clue cards and make deductions to solve a murder
 

Grammar Activities 2 - Upper Intermediate book cover Grammar Activities 2 - Upper Intermediate 
Will Forsyth   Sue Lavender   
39 - 40 Modal verbs - deduction present and past  Pages 39 - 40
(39) Gap fill. Deductions about pictures showing places (40) Gap fill. Deductions based on given information.
 

Intermediate Communication Games book cover Intermediate Communication Games 
Jill Hadfield   
29 - Detective work  Page 29 
Card game. Small groups. Past perfect Past simple Language for making deductions. Murder-solving game with clue cards.
30 - Suggestive shapes  Page 30 
Picture ordering game. Deductions; Looks like. Students descibe and makes guesses about abstract shapes.
 

Play Games with English Book 2 (1981-8) book cover Play Games with English Book 2 (1981-8) 
Colin Granger   John Plumb   
Close-ups 2 page 26  Page 26 
Close up pictures of everyday objects. Objects listed below.Ss must say,'It oould be a light bulb' etc. (Rather too easy to match the objects negating the need for deduction lanauge)
Detective page 42  Page 42 
A painting has been stolen from a gallery. Ss look at picture of the room and make deductions. 'He must have escaped through the window' etc.
 

General English adult course resource packs


Reward Intermediate Resource Pack book cover Reward Intermediate Resource Pack 
Susan Kay   
18a and 18b He looks nice  Page 18 
Must, can't might and could for deductions about the present. Students match picures (line drawings) with jobs.
38 Speculation  Page 38 
Deductions about present and past. 8 picture cards. Ss make deductions : (smiling woman holding letter - 'She must have had some good news' etc.)
 

Reward Upper-intermediate Resource Pack book cover Reward Upper-intermediate Resource Pack 
Susan Kay   
19b & c Unsolved mysteries  Page 19 
(19b) Students read out short texts about five unsolved mysteries and speculate about possible explanations. (19c) Read and match explanations with mysteries.
 




 

canPage top ↑

See also:
functions: ability
 


Worksheets for can
 
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Error slips - can and could (419)
Error slips from authentic examples of student's work relating to the use of can and could
 
 

 


 
Book references for canPage top ↑
 

General English adult course resource packs


Reward Pre-Intermediate Resource Pack  book cover Reward Pre-Intermediate Resource Pack  
Sue Kay   
27 Challenges  Page 27 
Teams must try out challenges and tick off statements (Student) can / can't (do challenge). Challenges include saying the alhpabet in 15 seconds and other language-related tasks
28 Written and unwritten rules around the world  Page 29 
Students have to decide whether various statements about what people can and can't do in various parts of the world are true or false. e.g. In England you can't leave school until you are 16.
Progress check 26 - 30 The game of chance  Pages 26 - 30
Odd board game
 




 

couldPage top ↑

See also:
functions: ability
 


Worksheets for could
 
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Error slips - can and could (419)
Error slips from authentic examples of student's work relating to the use of can and could
 
 

 


 
Book references for couldPage top ↑
 

General English adult course resource packs


Reward Pre-Intermediate Resource Pack  book cover Reward Pre-Intermediate Resource Pack  
Sue Kay   
27 Challenges  Page 27 
Teams must try out challenges and tick off statements (Student) can / can't (do challenge). Challenges include saying the alhpabet in 15 seconds and other language-related tasks
 




 

mustPage top ↑

 

 
Book references for mustPage top ↑
 

General English adult course resource packs


Reward Pre-Intermediate Resource Pack  book cover Reward Pre-Intermediate Resource Pack  
Sue Kay   
Progress check 26 - 30 The game of chance  Pages 26 - 30
Odd board game
 




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