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modal auxiliary verbs
 

Modal auxiliary verbs

See also:
functions:
advice / suggestions
 
functions:
request
 
functions:
permission / prohibition
 
functions:
ability
 
functions:
obligation
 
functions:
deductions / guesses
 
functions:
predictions
 
 
 

The following ESL resources are available for Modal auxiliary verbs:

 
 
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Introduction to modals
Language analysis worksheet introducing the modals and some of the functions they express. Students match modals to functions.
 
 

 

 
 
 
Multiple-choice modal auxiliary verbs quiz
Ten-question, two-choice modals quiz (easy)
 
 

 

Modal auxiliary verbs - functions quiz
20-question multiple-choice quiz where students identify functions from examples
 
 

 

Degrees of certainty quiz
Multiple-choice quiz on modals for expressing degrees of certainty
 
 

 

Mixed modals quiz
10 question multiple-choice quiz. Modals for possibility, obligation, ability - examples relating to the past, present and future.
 
 

 

 
 
 
 

General English course books (adults)

New Cutting Edge Upper Intermediate students' book book cover 

New Cutting Edge Upper Intermediate students' book

Peter Moore   Sarah Cunningham   
 
Module 9 Mysteries, problems, oddities  Pages 96 - 4
Modals for ability and probability/possibility (deduction). Unit theme : mysteries.
 
 

Photocopiable resource books

Grammar Activities 2 - Upper Intermediate book cover 

Grammar Activities 2 - Upper Intermediate

Will Forsyth   Sue Lavender   
 
38 Modal verbs - could / might / would / should / have done  Page 38 
could / could have; might / might have; should /should have
 
37 Modal verbs - would / should / could / have done  Page 37 
Gapped setences with pictures.
 
36 Modal verbs - possibility / probability  Page 36 
would, should and could have
 
32 - 33 Modal verbs - would / should / could / might  Pages 32 - 33
Would, could, should and might. Various functions.
 
 

General English adult course resource packs

Reward Pre-Intermediate Resource Pack  book cover 

Reward Pre-Intermediate Resource Pack

Sue Kay   
 
26 My ideal world  Page 26 
Students complete statements about their ideal world beginning (person) must... e.g. 'A good friend must...' Then compare with others
 
36 This may be your life  Page 36 
May, might, will. won't Class survey to compare people's predictions about their futures.
 
 

Grammar

Comparison with as...as...

Comparison with <i>as</i>...</i>as...</as>: picture
 
Detailed grammar reference notes on comparison with as....
Three pages, illustrated. Includes positive and negative forms, modifiers and common similes.
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Download Comparison with as...as - grammar notes (PDF)
 
 

ESL lesson plans

Reading and vocabulary: workplace discrimination

Reading and vocabulary: workplace discrimination: picture
 
Work clothing vocabulary.
News story in graded English about woman who was sent home for refusing to wear high-heeled shoes.
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Download Dress code (PDF)
 
 

ESL lesson plans

Reading and vocabulary: How Donald Trump got rich: a tale of three Trumps

Reading and vocabulary: How Donald Trump got rich: a tale of three Trumps: picture
 
Three articles in graded English on the Trump family, charting the creation of the Trump fortune.
Pre-reading section on well-known business leaders. (PDF version)
Lead-in on the Trump family. (PDF version)
Jigsaw reading for groups of three on Donald Trump, his father and grandfather.
Grammar follow-up on participle clauses (PDF advanced version)
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Download A Tale of Three Trumps (PDF)
 
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Download A Tale of Three Trumps (Advanced) (PDF)